Package building process – overview
In the RDO Project, we maintain two kinds of repos: RDO Trunk repositories and RDO CloudSIG repositories. RDO Trunk repositories have no-deps Openstack packages, which contain client, core, libs, puppet and tempest packages, while CloudSIG packages are a set of packages built by CentOS Community Build System. For Centos9 Stream master Trunk (DLRN) packages are stored in trunks and CloudSIG packages ends up in CentOS mirror.
What is DLRN?
In simplest words, DLRN is a tool which builds packages. In automated way DLRN is building package every time when new commit is merged in observed upstream repos, creating individual, separated environment basing on code, distgit and rdoinfo repo. DLRN can be also used to manually debug failing packages.
If build succeeds, package appears in trunk. If fails, automatic FTBFS (Fail To Build From Source) review is created in gerrit, providing building logs and information which commit caused FTBFS, like in example. All FTBFS’ have to be reviewed and fixed. Current FTBFS can be easily spotted on RDO dashboard. Other way to check statuses of last builds is checking Latest Build Reports, for example for Centos 9 master.
Trunk packages – branching and debugging
Each trunk distgit has multiple branches. Under development one is rpm-master and the stable ones are named
<release>-rdo. The rpm-master branch has
Release: fields filled with XXX, which are automatically
replaced with proper values during the DLRN building process. In <release>-rdo branch, those values are filled while
cutting the branch: master -> stable/<release> during the release process.
Having such situation, a different procedure of bug/FTBFS reproduction is needed.
Debugging with DLRN
Most reliable way to create a debugging or testing environment is Centos 9 container or vm usage. Steps to reproduce FTBFS:
- Clone DLRN repo:
git clone https://github.com/softwarefactory-project/DLRN.git
Follow setup procedure from README.
- Clone rdoinfo repository:
git clone "https://review.rdoproject.org/r/rdoinfo"
projects.inifiles with desired data. If you don’t know how to reproduce a remote DLRN build, check logs from building in FTBFS review. Below you can see example of
projects.inipreparation for Centos 9 master.
sed -i 's%target=.*%target=centos9-stream%' projects.ini sed -i 's%source=.*%source=master%' projects.ini sed -i 's%baseurl=.*%baseurl=https://trunk.rdoproject.org/centos9/%' projects.ini sed -i 's%tags=.*%tags=%' projects.ini
- Run DLRN command (example package name):
dlrn --head-only --dev --local --verbose-build --package-name openstack-tacker --info-repo ../rdoinfo
You can find more information and explanation of DLRN usage in the documentation.
Edit the package distgit or package code directly if needed. Both of them are now created inside DLRN directory, like data/openstack-tacker_distro for distgit and data/openstack-tacker for code.
- Run dlrn command once again. You should now be able to see reproduced error.
CloudSIG packages have different workflow of creating, maintaining and storing. They are finally placed in this repo. Describing CloudSIG packages, it is crucial to explain two packages building systems taking part in whole process. DLRN is for trunk packages, while for CloudSIG ones there are Koji and CBS. Whole package process building starts in Fedora. The packages exist in Fedora Package Sources repository, maintained by packagers an builded by Koji. If the package is needed in RDO project, it has to be rebuild for RDO. Process of building Fedora package for RDO using repo gating_script is well described in this document. Creating such review will effect with rebuilding package in CentOS Build System. On this level, there may occur some errors or misconfigurations, caused by different environment.
Debugging package building failures
After pushing your change to code review system, CI will trigger a bunch of tests on it and give results as vote or/and logs. If +1 is given by Zuul, everything went well. If -1 appears, it means that tests didn’t pass, so debugging is needed.
Find CBS task number in your Zuul job output
First step is to check job logs. They are available after clicking on job name in Gerrit. Depending on which point of building failure happens, the true cause of it may be found in this job output or has to be found directly in CBS building job. In this example build failure reason can be found in Zuul job output, but in this one, the real reason has to be looked for in CBS logs, because Zuul jobs one doesn’t provide anything useful. This is happening when the error doesn’t refers to spec file, but the building process itself. The easiest way to find proper link to CBS build is to find “taskID” word in job_output.txt, the result should looks like: Task console is: https://cbs.centos.org/koji/taskinfo?taskID=2800330. Note, that each job and each patchset has its own individual build number.
How to read CBS build logs?
After going to the provided URL, general information about build will appear. The logs can be find by clicking on red hyperlink “buildArch“. Provided output is placed in following files:
If the error refers to dependencies, it will be placed in root.log. Also some errors may occur in other files, especially in build.log.
Common package building issues
- Missing dependency
In a root.log file:
DEBUG util.py:444: No matching package to install: 'python3dist(xxx)'
DEBUG util.py:444: Not all dependencies satisfied
Solution: The dependency is not tagged yet in our repo or not available. Contact RDO maintainers to discuss adding a new dependency.
SPEC file syntax error
Infra issue (timeout)
Solution: If there are timeouts in refreshing repo metadata or other steps, it’s good idea to recheck tests, by typing comment “recheck” in Gerrit review.
Some unit tests failed during package building, like in example.
Solution: Create testing environment and try to reproduce the error. Then, try to figure out and fix failing reason. It is possible to exclude failing test(s), but we only use that solution if it’s strongly justified (like issue created in bugzilla or other bug tracker).
- missing macro
in build.log file:
RPM build errors: /var/tmp/rpm-tmp.s6H1EG: line 32: fg: no job control
error: Bad exit status from /var/tmp/rpm-tmp.s6H1EG (%generate_buildrequires)
Bad exit status from /var/tmp/rpm-tmp.s6H1EG (%generate_buildrequires)
Child return code was: 1
BuildRequires: pyproject-rpm-macros to build requirements.